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southdown sheep characteristics

November 30, 2020

One of the oldest of the English breeds of sheep is the Southdown, originating on the South Down hills of Sussex County, England. Ribs well sprung. The Southdown raised by commercial growers today, is larger than the "traditional" Southdown of years past. North American Southdowns are also taller than their English counterparts. In England, these small Southdowns grew in p… During the Great Depression, a severe and prolonged fall in the prices of wool and cereals due to rising volumes of imports from the British Empire was accompanied by the Wet Years - a six-year period of cold, wet weather with little sun. Not too long from eyes to nose, particularly rams. This meant wheat could be grown successfully the following year. Sheep farming declined further after the war, although it is now being encouraged again through the designation of the downland as an environmentally sensitive area, and the restoration of arable land to sheepwalk. Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.newzealand.com/travel/media/press-releases/2009/7/food&wine_mini-sheep-mow-vineyard_press-release.cfm. After a four-year search, two small flocks totaling 26 sheep were located; however, this group was not able to provide a sustainable gene pool. They are usually of white color with mouse colored faces. Southdown Sheep Breed – Everything You Need to Know. Ears of medium size and covered with short wool. Nose dark, not pink. In 1780, John Ellman realized the potential of these animals and set out to standardize the Southdown breed. After this initial review and acceptance period, the "Foundation Flock" registry was closed in 1991. Skin pink. In 1937, the number of exported Southdowns reached 459 head. At that time, Mock started the first and original Olde English Southdown Registry to market this once meat breed to a completely new market for people looking for pets and 4H projects, and he started the "Babydoll" used by the members of the original registry, as well as the few spin-off Babydoll registries. Official website of the most active Southdown Breed State Association in the United States, Official website of the American Southdown Breeders Association, Olde English Babydoll Southdown Sheep Registry, English Sheep web site Located in the UK talks about Southdowns in the US, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southdown_sheep&oldid=918235803, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Articles with disputed statements from July 2011, Articles needing additional references from January 2016, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 September 2019, at 17:28. However, many of the original attributes for which the original Southdowns were known were bred out. From mature ewes, fleece weights are between 5.0 and 8.0 lb ((2.5 - 3.6 kg) with a yield of 40% to 55%. The Southdown is best suited for farm flock production. With the gradual introduction of new crops such as field turnips, swedes, kohl rabi and other forage crops, the folding system took off, increasing in parallel with expanding human population. [1] The Southdown breed was originally bred by John Ellman of Glynde, near Lewes, East Sussex, about 200 years ago. [3][4] Baby Doll breeders claim that their sheep are closer to the original English Southdown than are the commercial Southdown sheep being grown today. Shoulders neither too wide nor too narrow and top level with the back. A leg at each corner, straight and well up on the pasterns. Ears of medium size and covered with short wool. Their body is wide, deep and refined. In 1813, Arthur Young estimated 200,000 ewes were kept on the eastern South Downs and commented, "the amazing number they keep is one of the most singular circumstances in the sheep husbandry of England". The Southdown raised by commercial growers today, is larger than the "traditional" Southdown of years past. SOUTHDOWN SHEEP QUICK PROFILE OVERVIEW. In 1780 John Ellman, realized the potential of these animals and set out to standardize the Southdown breed. In the Second World War, the South Downs were commandeered for military training, only fringe farms being left to produce milk for the towns. Their popularity grew because the Southdowns were very easy to take care of and were resilient to many problems for which other sheep are known. The system reached its zenith from about 1845 to 1880. Mock continued his extensive search, and by 1990, he was able to find a total of 350 of the Southdown sheep that had the original bloodlines, and many of them still carried their original Southdown registration papers recognized by the UK. It has been split into two sub-breeds. This was significant in the development and mass production of the larger, leggier Southdown of today. Neck wide at the base and well set on the shoulder. Each sheep's registration application was passed before a board of three members of the soon to be formed Olde English Southdown Registry. In 1986, a breeder, Robert Mock, began a search for the sheep with bloodlines that conformed to the original Southdowns. It is a medium to small sized breed with a gray to mouse-brown face and lower legs and is polled (hornless). These small sheep were know for their extreme hardiness and produced meat with unmatched tenderness and flavor then any other breed of sheep. Broad and well set up and level with chine. His work was continued by Jonas Webb of Babraham in Cambridgeshire, who developed the larger animal of today. During the interwar years, the United Kingdom was known for farm animal breeding, and pedigreed Southdowns were still being exported to most parts of the world, especially New Zealand. Southdown sheep were known as hardy and quick growing, and the quality of their meat was celebrated. Horn of hoof black. It has been split into two sub-breeds. Deep over the heart, but not too wide. Hair of an even mouse colour. Southdown are an early maturing breed with good lambing ability and average milk production. Wool fine and dense and of even colour, not black, covering the whole body down to the hocks and knees. [dubious – discuss] The large flocks grazed the open downs by day and at dusk they came down to the lower arable land for folding. Neither cow-hocked, nor knock-kneed. They have been selected specifically for their smaller size of the original blood lines and a focus on wool and hobby breeding rather than commercial meat production. Not to be confused with the Olde English 'Babydoll' Southdown sheep. In California and New Zealand, they are placed in vineyards to graze weeds because they are too short to reach the grapes on the vines. DESCRIPTION AND BREED CHARACTERISTICS Wide, level between the ears with no sign of horn. Southdown Sheep Characteristics Southdown sheep are small to medium-sized animals. A good Southdown should catch the eye with its alertness and balanced appearance, displaying the following characteristics: Email: secretary@southdownsheepsociety.co.uk, Southdown Sheep Society, Meens Farm, Capps Lane, All Saints, Halesworth, Suffolk , IP19 0PD, United Kingdom, Articles of Association of the Southdown Sheep Society. North American Southdowns are also taller than their English counterparts. In the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, they were found in large numbers, especially in the South Downs near Lewes. They have been selected specifically for their smaller size of the original blood lines and a focus on wool and hobby breeding rather than commercial meat production. It originated from the native sheep of the region, which were improved beginning in the late 1700s and continuing through the 1830s. The original blood line of the English Southdowns are the Olde English 'Babydoll' Southdown sheep in the US. They are sturdy, wide, deep, compact and refined. One other factor that affected the original bloodlines was that the Southdown could not satisfy the consumer demand for larger meat cuts. Southdown, breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in the Sussex hills … In California and New Zealand DESCRIPTION and breed Characteristics wide, level between the ears with no of! 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It is a medium to small sized breed with a gray to mouse-brown face lower!

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