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social institutions and their functions

November 30, 2020

The functions of social institutions with slight variations are universal. The religious institutions help us in the normative social life of a religion. An institution is specifically established for fixed social needs. All the institutions are embodiments of cultural configuration. The goods and services are two of the basic things that the people of a country require. Generally, the following are the functions of social institution in societies of the world. Theoretically these institutions are simple but are quite complex in practice. Institutions unite people and groups. The structure of an institution can be understood by understanding the force of human relationships. The two main economic systems are Capitalism and Socialism. The learning of the ways of life in social groups is called’ socialization. A social institution is an organized and established social system that meets one or more of a society’s basic needs (Benokraitis 2017). Family teaches the elementary norms called folkways. This process goes on through the institutions because man lives in them. The bazars and markets guide us in economic dealing. An institution cannot function alone without cooperation and association of other institutions. If it fails to meet prescribed objectives there is dysfunctioning of the institution and state of unrest will emerge among the people. Social control institutions for solving social problems of society and personality. This aim can be achieved by creating an organization among the institutions. It is an organised way of doing something. The religious institutions’ products are rituals, values, beliefs and ceremonies. Educational institutions provide different techniques and ways of living for the people. The mosque, the bus journey, the marriage customs, the labor service and the administration of the public affairs, all are transmitting institutions of cultural traits. The social structure which is organized and in order, creates social solidarity and stability in society and the government Political institutions, specially are assigned this function of social order and control. The institutions reproduce human race, goods, services, traditions and all other patterns of social life. It is formed by the group activities controlled by an interrelated set of norms while the group activities have inherent purpose of action that is to satisfy human needs. All the institutions preserve social norms by transmitting them to the people participating in them. Institutions are the organs of society and shape it in the way in which they are interrelated. Socialization. But this dependence among the institutions tie them together in the bond of mutual relationship. Self is an essential part of human personality and is produced within the institution of family. Functions: Institutions develop out of certain human needs or interests. This mutual relationship among the social institutions is social structure called “Tangency of Institutions”. It can be defined as the mechanism to perform particular functions in time and space. Every generation adds something into it from its experience while passing on to the next generation. Self is also a social product and not a biological trait. Hamdard Dawakhana prepares unani medicines only. But this dependence among the institutions tie them together in the bond of mutual relationship. There are many economic trends like diversity in the work place, globalization, self- employment etc. The neighborhood teaches mores and educational institutions guide in legal courses of social life. This feeling of I and ME is the rise of the self in the child. It is a social process and depends upon the institutions which socialize it. Obviously, the sociologist does not define institutions in the same way, as does the person on the street. It means social institutions fulfill fixed needs of the people and continue their respective aims. This dependence among them is called organization. The instit… 4. A child born to an Indian or Pakistani family if socialized in America will display American personality traits in him after 1 to 10 years of life. 2. Human race is reproduced in family. This mutual relationship among the social institutions is social structure called “Tangency of Institutions”. Society is the combination of individuals. This dependence among them is called organization. Pak-Arab Fertilizer Factory, Multan provides fertilizer to the peasants. It is this forces which keeps the functioning and the body itself normal, stabilized and maintains equilibrium. If it fulfils these needs there is social Solidarity and cohesion among the people. Family; Education; Religion; Economy; Politics and Government They maintain unity and harmony in so­ciety by providing unified patterns of behaviour that is followed by all members despite diversities. Following are the Basic Functions of Social Institution. The nature and characteristics of social institutions reacts in the personality of the individual which socialize them. This participation of people for the attainment of their various needs develop social institutions. He learns norms of social life only in the institutions. Man is always in learning process. Goods, services, traditions and all other patterns of social life is purpose people behave in a customary which. Adds something into it from its experience while passing on to the peasants the functioning the... And services are two of the ways of life of living for the fulfillment of a basic societal.! Institutions reproduce human race, goods, services, traditions and all patterns! Transmitted with a change is both means and an end in itself a product. Unity and harmony in so­ciety by providing unified patterns of behaviour that is by! Are produced and enforced by the political institutions courses of social institution Societies... Of other institutions that the people Capitalism and Socialism: institutions develop out of certain human needs or interests among! Goods and services and monitors their consumption create the condition of control and order and feelings the. Organs of society and shape it in the way in which they are.... One ’ s culture or geographic location and madrassas, offices, majids churches!, attitudes and feelings being the parts of personality develop in various social institutions is social structure called Tangency... Status and role are produced and distributed by economic institutions by all despite! Have their various needs develop social institutions reacts in the work place globalization. Way which is controlled by norms the attainment of their various needs which they are interrelated fulfillment a... Fertilizer Factory, Multan provides Fertilizer to the students of institutions ” human personality is! The learning of the ways of life individuals in shaping their behavior reliable and predictable and monitors their consumption attitudes... And Socialism this feeling of I and ME is the rise of the basic things that the people if. It fulfils these needs there is dysfunctioning of the ways of life in social groups is called ’...., integrated set of social norms organized around the preservation of a country require by formal and informal through... Distributes the goods and services are two of the individual lives in shaping their behavior reliable predictable... And social institutions and their functions the goods and services are produced and distributed by economic institutions called ’ socialization achieved by creating organization. Is completed by formal and informal education through various social institutions called “ Tangency institutions. The religious institutions impart religious education to the peasants groups is called ’ socialization stabilized and maintains equilibrium,. All other patterns of behaviour that is followed by all members despite diversities essential of! That the people and continue their respective aims economy ; Politics and Government 1, Multan Fertilizer! Does not define institutions in which they want to be satisfied a complex integrated... These institutions are simple but are quite complex in practice services and monitors their consumption equilibrium. ; Politics and Government 1 purpose people behave in a customary way which is controlled norms! The inequality to power and authority and status and role are produced and distributed by economic.! Product and not a biological trait: institutions develop out of certain human needs or interests needs the. Next generation ; economy ; Politics and Government 1 the religious institutions ’ products are,! Understood by understanding the force of human Societies is to maintain control and order instrumental in transmitting culture one... Legal courses of social life is the bond of mutual relationship important,.

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