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plumbing dictionary pdf

November 30, 2020

accessible. Plumbing tree – prefabricated set of drain waste, vent and supply lines. When it is lifted, the pop-up drain closes for the purpose of retaining water. Of New South Wales Code of Practice - Plumbing and. I agree to WPJ Heating sending me information about their services. In plumbing, valves are used in faucets and showers, and can be called mixing valves because they control the mix of hot and cold water to achieve desired water temperatures. sch 40), Scupper drain – a drain on a roof or deck that allows rainwater to drain off, Sediment – the substance that settles on the bottom of a tank, also known as lime, Serial / model – a permanent information plate attached to a major home appliance detailing the product model and serial number, plus information about wattage or industry standard requirements, Siphon – a pipe connecting two canals, through which water flows over a high point of gravity, Sleeve – pipe that is passed through a wall for the purpose of inserting another pipe through it, Slip joint – a connection made with compression fittings, Soft water – water that has a low calcium and magnesium content, Solder – a metal alloy that is melted to create a fused joint between metal pieces, Spark test – a test procedure to evaluate the integrity of the glass lining, Specific gravity – the ratio of the weight of a specific volume of substance compared to the weight of the same volume of pure water at 4 degrees Celsius, Stem – part of the faucet that holds the handle on one end and the washer on the other, Straight cross – fitting that connects four pipes of the same diameter, Street ell – a 90 degree elbow joint with a hub on one end and male threads on the other used to make an angled connection between pipe or tubing and a fitting with a hub, Stud guard – short band of metal attached to wall studs to prevent nails from penetrating and damaging pipes, Supply kit – a kit of all parts needed to fit a faucet or toilet to the pipes coming out of a wall, usually containing stop valves, water connectors and escutcheons, Supply stop – the valve that controls water supply to a toilet, Sweep – a drain ell fitting with a long radius that allows for smooth passage of waste, Swing joint – a flexible sprinkler connection made by connecting three threaded elbow fittings together, Tailpiece – section of pipe that runs between a fixture outlet and the trap, Tap adapter – fitting with one plain end and one threaded female end, Tap tee – cast iron tee with a threaded female side inlet, Tee – T-shaped fitting with three openings that allow another pipe to be attached at a 90 degree angle, Teflon tape – a fluorocarbon polymer with non-sticking properties used to wrap pipe threads to seal a joint, Test plug – a rubber plug used to seal off sections of pipe to test for leaks, Thermal efficiency – ability to transfer and absorb heat from fuel sources into water, Throat-plate – the underside portion of some faucet spouts that also use a top shroud to cover an assembled faucet waterway – the throat-plate is only visible when viewed from a very low angle, Threaded – a spiral ridge on a screw, nut or bolt, Trap – curved section of drain line that prevents sewer odours from escaping into the atmosphere – all features that have drains must have a P-trap installed, whilst toilets will have S-traps, Trap arm – the waste arm portion of a drainage trap, Trap dip – the U-bend portion of a drainage trap, Trap drain – a flex adapter to connect drain pipes, Trap primer – a small feeder line connecting the cold water line directly to the drainage trap – it releases a small amount of water to the trap if it runs dry to maintain the water seal, Trap seal – height of water in a toilet bowl at rest, providing a water seal to prevent sewer gases entering the home, Trap weir – an interior projection in the outlet side of a trap to aid in maintaining a water seal, Tuberculation – the process in which blister-like growths of metal oxides form in pipes as the result of corrosion of the pipe metal – iron oxide tubercles often develop over pits in iron or steel pipe and can seriously affect water flow, Type M tube – an industry standard for copper tubing defined by the tube wall thickness and identified by a red stripe, Tyseal gasket – gasket for joining SV cast iron pipe into a hub, U-bend – a section of a waste pipe that is shaped like the letter U, which stops smells coming back into the property – Battersea-based plumbing company U-Benders created a pun of the word to form their popular brand’s name, attracting an array of celebrity customers, including Julian Clary, ULF – Ultra Low Flush – a widely used description of toilets that use 1.6 gallons per flush or less, UNC – Unified National Coarse Thread – standard type of stiff, straight thread used on fittings, nuts and bolts, UNF – Unified National Fine Thread – standard type of thin, straight thread used on fittings, nuts and bolts, Uniformity coefficient – a measure of the variation in particle sizes of ion exchange resins and filter media – it is defined as the ratio of the size that has 60 per cent of the material finer than itself to the size of the particle that has 10 per cent finer than itself, Union – three piece fitting that joins two sections of pipe but allows them to be disconnected without cutting the pipe, primarily used with steel pipe, Urinal – plumbing fixture that receives liquid body waste and conveys the waste through a trap seal into a gravity drainage system, Urinal strainers – domed metal piece fastened to the bottom of a urinal to prevent debris from blocking the trapway of the unit, Usable storage – percentage of hot water that can be drawn from a tank before the temperature drops to a point that it is no longer considered hot, Utility sink – deep fixed basin supplied with hot and cold water, used for rinsing mops and the disposal of cleaning water, V-clip – a clip shaped like the letter ‘V’ used on a lavatory drain lift linkage assembly to easily adjust the connection of the drain to the lift rod, Vacuum breaker – an anti-siphon device that prevents backflow of contaminated water into the water supply system, Valve – a device that regulates the flow of fluid, Valve seat – the non-moving part of a valve – water flow is stopped when the movable element comes into contact with the valve seat, Valve seat wrench – hexagonal end wrench inserted into the hexagonal opening of a valve seat for installation or removal, Velocity head – amount of energy required to accelerate water to a given speed, expressed in feet per head, Vent – a pipe that allows air into a drain system to balance air pressure and to prevent water in the traps from being siphoned off, Vent header – a vent pipe into which several vents connect – this leads to the vent stack and out of the building, Vent stack – upper portion of the soil stack above the top fixture, through which gases and odours escape, Venting materials – a number of materials are used for venting, including PVC and metal, Venturi – a short tube with a tapered constriction in the middle that causes an increase in the velocity of fluid flow and the corresponding decrease in fluid pressure that is used for creating suction in a vacuum pump, Viscosity – resistance of fluid flow due to internal forces and friction between molecules, which increases as its temperature decreases, Vitreous surface – material on some plumbing fixtures that is derived from or consists of glass, is translucent and low on porosity, Vitreous China – ceramic materials fired at a high temperature to form a non-porous body, yielding exposed surfaces coated with ceramic glaze, and used for bathroom fixtures such as toilets, Volatile – capable of vaporisation at a relatively low temperature, Volumetric – refers to measurement by volume rather than weight, Voral tube – flexible steel hose used for handheld shower sprays, Wall thickness – the thickness of the tubing wall, Waste arm drain – an extension pipe usually used to extend a sink drain into a wall, Waste and overflow drain – an assembly for a bathtub – the outlet at the top removes overflow water during tub filling and the drain at the bottom removes wastewater when the tub is drained, Waste plug – drain stopper on a bathtub drain, Waste stack – main vertical pipe in a drainage system, extending one or more stories, Water hammer – loud banging noise caused by hydraulic shock that occurs when water supply is suddenly shut off, resulting in water moving against the side of containing pipe, Water hammer arrestor – device installed near fixture to absorb hydraulic shock of abrupt water shutoff, Water Horse Power (WHP) – calculated horse power produced by pump using formula WHP = head x gpm/3960, Water service pipe – pipe from the water main, Water spot – water surface in the toilet bowl once the flush is completed, Water table – level below the earth’s surface at which the ground becomes saturated with water, Waterway fitting – a channel through which water can flow, connecting water heater to inlet and outlet lines, Wave washer – a washer, common in drain linkages, which provides pressure against a ball or other mechanism even when the nut is not fully tightened, Weak well – application occurs when the pump lowers the water level in the well faster than the well can replenish itself, Weir – long notch with horizontal edge used to measure the quantity of flowing water, Well casing – steel or plastic pipe inserted into a drilled well to prevent dirt and debris from contaminating the water, Well point – pipe fitted with driving point and a fine mesh screen used to remove underground water, Wet vent – drain or waste pipe that also acts for one or more fixtures on the same line, Working pressure – maximum pressure of the operating system permissible, Wrought copper fittings – plumbing fittings used to connect copper tubes made of mechanically worked and toughened copper, Wye – Y-shaped fitting with three openings used to create branch lines and allows one pipe to be joined to another at a 45-degree angle, Yellow tipping – a flame condition caused by a severe reduction in primary air – the yellow colour is caused by glowing carbon particles in the flame and can be corrected by the injection of more primary air, Yoke – Usually a brass casting that holds both the hot and cold valves and the mixing chamber for the water – may also refer to an assembly of copper or other metal which serves the same function, Yoke vent – pipe connecting upward from a soil or waste stack to a vent stack to prevent pressure changes in the stacks, Zeolite – a group of hydrated sodium aluminosilicates, either natural or synthetic, with ion exchange properties, Zone of aeration – the layer in the ground above the water table where the available voids are filled with air – water falling on the ground percolates through this zone on its way to the aquifer, Zone of saturation – the layer in the ground in which all of the available voids are filled with water. 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Yamaha Np-32 Specs, What Are The Attributes Of Accounting Wikipedia, Eureka Pet Lover Vacuum Hepa Filter, Luxury Lake House Rentals New York, Fig And Olive Oil,

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